2.07.2021. Faktisko īpašnieku publiskie reģistri ES

Company News

EU took serious steps aimed at improving beneficial ownership transparency.
Most notably, in 2015, the 4th EU Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD) required countries to establish beneficial ownership registers. In 2018, the EU approved the 5th EU AMLD, which contained further measures for enhancing the ability of competent authorities – both inside and outside the EU – to detect and investigate money laundering and financial crime.
The 5th EU AMLD, however, does more than that. Acknowledging the importance of public scrutiny of company and beneficial ownership data to preserving trust in the integrity of business transactions and of the financial system, it requires countries to open up their beneficial ownership registers to all members of the public.
The great majority of countries across the Union – 24 out of 27 – have at least a private central beneficial ownership information register in place. The only three countries that have not yet established any type of beneficial ownership registers are Hungary, Italy and Lithuania.
Six countries – Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Romania and Spain – have failed to comply with the deadline and have not yet opened up their registers to the public. In most of these countries, access to the data can still be granted to the media or civil society, if they prove they have a legitimate interest.
Only in Denmark and Latvia the information in the register is available as structured data and in a machine-readable format, allowing the public to download the whole dataset.
All in all, nine EU countries still do not have public beneficial ownership registers in place. Most EU countries have introduced barriers such as paywalls and which, although legal, restricts access and usability of the data.